RITUAL IJAME DAYAK MA'ANYAN PAJU EPAT

Budaya adalah suatu cara hidup yang berkembang, dan dimiliki bersama oleh sebuah kelompok orang, dan diwariskan dari generasi ke generasi. Budaya terbentuk dari banyak unsur yang rumit, termasuk sistem agama, politik adat istiadat, bahasa, perkakas, pakaian, bangunan, karya seni dan bahasa. Budaya, merupakan bagian tak terpisahkan dari diri manusia sehingga banyak orang cenderung menganggapnya sebagai sesuatu yang diwariskan secara genetis. Budaya adalah suatu pola hidup menyeluruh yang  bersifat kompleks, abstrak, dan luas. Banyak aspek budaya turut menentukan perilaku komunikatif. Unsur-unsur sosio-budaya ini tersebar, dan meliputi banyak kegiatan sosial manusia.

Kalimantan Tengah merupakan salah satu provinsi di Indonesia yang memiliki berbagai macam suku dan budaya. Salah satunya adalah suku Dayak Maanya yang merupakan sub suku Dayak yang tinggal dibagian timur provinsi Kalimantan tengah yaitu di daerah Kabupaten Barito. Sebagai sub suku asli Dayak Maanyan memiliki kebudayaan yang sangat menarik yang sudah diwariskan oleh leluhur secara turun temurun dari generasi ke generasi, yaitu ritual Ijame.

Ritual Ijame adalah ritual kematian yang merupakan proses terakhir dari suatu kepercayaan suku Dayak Maanyan sub Paju Epat yang baragama Kaharingan. Ritual ini merupakan suatu prosesi penghantaran roh orang yang sudah meninggal menuju Tumpuk Datu Tunyung (Sorga). Dalam Ritual ini tulang – tulang orang yang sudah lama meninggal diambil kembali oleh anggot keluarga dan  akan diprosesi dengan pembakaran tulang / pengkremasian. Hal inilah yang membedakan antara ritual Ijame dengan ritual kematian dari suku lainnya di Kalimantan Tengah yang serupa dengan acara Ngaben di Bali.

Dalam pelaksanaan ritual ini juga memerlukan banyak tahapan persiapan yang lama  dimulai dengan pembetukan panitia penyelenggalara kegiatan yang terdiri dari Damang, Mantir, Wadian dan Pisame. Acara ritual ini diadakan mulai dari pra ritual Ijame selama 1 bulan dan inti ritual selama 9 hari 9 malam. Dimana susunan kegitannya diatur secara sistematis dan tidak boleh overlapping karena setiap tahap kegiatan memiliki maknanya masing-masing yang sangat sakral sehingga jika terjadi kesalahan akan diadakan sangsi adat.

Selain dari tahapan-tahapan yang harus dijalankan dan syarat-syarat yang harus di penuhi agar dapat melaksanakan kegiatan ritual Ijame ini. Syarat pertama adalah 1 Peti Panamakan (Rarung Panamakan) yang berisi tulang dari tokoh-tokoh adat. Yang kedua adalah 1 Peti Panawu Wua Surat (Rarung Panawu Wua Surat) berisikan tulang dari seorang Wadian. Syarat yang ketiga adalah 1 Peti Biasa (Rarung Biasa) berisikan tulang dari seorang masyarakat biasa keturunan Paju Epat yang beragama Hindu Kaharingan. Oleh karena itu Ritual Ijame merupakan ritual yang insidental dan tidak dapat diadakan setiap tahunnya sehingga Ritual Ijame merupakan Ritual yang sangat langka terjadi di Kalimantan Tengah.

Indigenous Peoples' Day

Four days are left before we celebrate Indigenous Day. Indigenous People Day is observed on August 9th each year to promote and protect the rights of the world's indigenous population. This event also recognizes the achievements and contributions that indigenous people make to improve world issues such as environmental protection. Behind this celebration day, there is history of the resistance of the rights of indigenous people. And in this moment is also the time for us to speak up for Indigenous people on August 19th 2017.

The International Day of the World's Indigenous Peoples was first pronounced by the General Assembly of the United Nations in December 1994, to be celebrated every year during the first International Decade of the World's Indigenous People (1995–2004). In 2004, the Assembly proclaimed a Second International Decade, from 2005–2015, with the theme of "A Decade for Action and Dignity". People from different nations are encouraged to participate in observing the day to spread the UN's message on indigenous peoples. Activities may include educational forums and classroom activities to gain an appreciation and a better understanding of indigenous peoples. By resolution 49/214 of December 23rd 1994, the United Nations General Assembly decided that the International Day of the World's Indigenous People shall be observed on August 9th every year during the International Decade of the World's Indigenous People. The date marks the day of the first meeting, in 1982, of the UN Working Group on Indigenous Populations of the Sub commission on the Promotion and Protection of Human Rights.

In this celebration, Indigenous people speak their rights. The rights are: get full enjoyment, free of discrimination, self-determination, land owner, citizenship (a nationality), liberty, preserving culture, tradition, and history, free to have an indigenous community or nation, get the dignity, and also have the same right as usual human.

Ranu Welum Media collaborates with young Dayak people and many organizations and communities to celebrate Indigenous Day happen. It will hold on August 19th 2017 at Bundaran Besar, Palangka Raya. In this celebration, young Dayak people will speak up the rights of indigenous people. It will screen many films those are created by young Dayak people, and it will also perform traditional dance and sing traditional song.

Haze Hacks : Finding Solution to Tackle The Haze

Quiet, still, covered by the haze: this was the situation in Palangka Raya and other regions in Central Kalimantan during the forest fires of 2015. As the yellowish smoke filled the air, thousands of people were hospitalized, babies and elders affected, pregnant women miscarried, babies which were born at that time weighing below average, the airport closed for weeks and other transportations nearly paralyzed while thousands of hectares of forest and field burned, including local rubber fields. 

This forest fire and haze brought people, communities and organizations to work together in an effort to find a solution to end the fire and tackle the haze effect.

With this same purpose, on the 10 – 17 of July 2017 Ranu Welum collaborated with UNICEF (project coordinator) and various other organizations to develop haze hacks. This collaboration started when Emmanuela Shinta was involved as the speaker in Global Landscape Forum: Peatlands Matter, a forum which networked Ranu Welum Foundation with organizations like UNICEF, CIFOR and Pulse Lab Jakarta. These meetings created further connections with Kopernik of Jakarta and Big Red Button of Singapore, who also joined in the collaboration.

The purpose of this collaboration was to test prototypes and develop new strategies for protecting the population against the health impacts of haze and offer some potential solutions to the local government of Central Kalimantan.

Pulse Lab Jakarta facilitated a co-design workshop in an effort to dig local ideas about haze hacks from the young people in Palangka Raya, including university students, high school students and volunteers. The results were taken to Jakarta for further study.

Kopernik tested existing prototypes for creating a safe room that can reduce indoor air pollution during haze periods. The test involved simulating a polluted room with a controlled fire source, and then measuring air quality to see if the air purifier could reduce the air pollution to normal levels. Air pollution was tested through a particulate matter meter. These tests were conducted in two different house types; a beton/cement house in Palangka Raya and a wooden house in Petuk Katimpun Village. The tests utilized BMKG portable air quality measurements to calculate the effectivity of the air purifier to clean the air. 

Big Red Button used the Ranu Welum haze shelter as a testing space for their newest invention, the Haze Nest. The purpose of The Nest is to provide a haze shelter for people in the villages who cannot seal up their wooden houses or have access to materials for air purification. The Nest is constructed of rattan, an easily accessible local material, and instead of spending the money and effort to tape and seal the ventilations and gaps in the wooden houses, a small shelter can be created within the house, which reduces the space required for air ventilation and sealing. 

The results from the co-design workshops, testing and prototype design were presented to the government, experts and service heads in a debrief meeting on July 17. The meeting was held in the Bappeda meeting room and attended by departments of the local government including BMKG, BPBD, BLH/LHK, the Health Department and the Fire Fighter Department. Attending organizations included USAID Lestari, UNOPS, Borneo Nature Foundation, along with various other researchers, educators, volunteers and related parties.

This collaboration brought organizations from across Indonesia and around the world to work together in an effort to prevent forest fire and tackle the health impacts of haze. The results from the co-design workshop and field tests in the houses show positive changes and strategy development, and encourage future collaboration between organizations, communities and the government to solve this issue. 

Global Landscape Forum in Jakarta

On May 18 2017 in Jakarta, Emmanuela Shinta was featured as speaker in Global Landscape Forum : Peatland Matter On Behalf of Dayak Communities.

1. Emmanuela Shinta speaks in Plenary Session http://www.landscapes.org/community-perspectives-priorities-peatlands/

2. Emmanuela Shinta gives lecture to participants from International Forestry Students Association, The 4th Asia-Pacific Regional Meeting  http://www.landscapes.org/youth-and-peatlands/

3. Media coverage on Emmanuela Shinta, CIFOR TV Series Interview http://blog.cifor.org/50169/dayak-activist-emmanuela-shinta-we-want-to-be-heroes-not-victims?fnl=en&utm_source=CIFOR+Website&utm_medium=widget&utm_campaign=Forests+News

http://www.landscapes.org/community-perspectives-priorities-peatlands/

 

Articles :

Shinta's message on The Natives as the Guardians of the Forest http://blog.cifor.org/49832/guardians-of-the-forest?fnl=en

Even highlight : Global Landscape Forum http://blog.cifor.org/49787/event-highlights-global-landscapes-forum-peatlands-matter?fnl=en

 

 

 

 

Her Story

With delightful heart, I inform you that the story from the ground of Central Kalimantan about a young activist, Emmanuela Dewi Shinta who stands for the rights of her people, Dayak indigenous, her story mostly highlight the situation in Central Kalimantan during the forest fire and haze in 2015 was published.

With delightful heart, I inform you that the story from the ground of Central Kalimantan about a young activist, Emmanuela Dewi Shinta who stands for the rights of her people, Dayak indigenous, her story mostly highlight the situation in Central Kalimantan during the forest fire and haze in 2015 was published.

Legenda Sungai Talung, Desa Timpah

This is the folk tale told about a young girl (her name is Nyai Talung Ambun). In that time, Nyai Talung Ambun is very sad and she was crying.  And her tears become a river.

Author by Kardinal Tarung

Kariau Bawin Pantung

This is the folk tale told about two young men and a young girl ( her name is Kariau Bawin Pantung). The two young men are an orphan and they are working hard for their lives.  This story teaches us about how to thank God for all the things that has given to us without asking more and do not cutting down the trees easly.

*Kariau Bawin Pantung means the incarnation from Pantung's trees

Press Release

Saksikan trailer full dari film "Finding The Warrior Within A Dance Odyssey"  pada tanggal 7 Maret 2017 di Youtube. yaitu kisah perjalanan seorang pemuda Prancis yang datang ke Borneo, Indonesia untuk mencari pengalaman yang akan mengubah hidupnya dan Ia pun memutuskan untuk belajar tarian suku dayak. Kisah ini juga akan disiarkan oleh Radio BBC Indonesia pada hari Jumat pukul 7.00 wib. Sebuah film yang luarbiasa dan penuh kekuatan, serta kuat dan dalam !

Kunjungi web www.dancearoundtheglobe.net

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Coming soon March 7th 2017 ! The full trailer "Finding The Warrior Within A Dance Odyssey" film on youtube. A French millennial looking for a life changing experience and where he decides to learn a tribal dayak dance. BBC Indonesia also is doing a radio story about this film on Friday morning at 7 a.m. A very great and powerful film, it's strong and deep !

Visit the web www.dancearoundtheglobe.net

Bue Bajang

This is the folk tale that told the story about two young girls and an old deer (Bajang). This story teaches us especially Dayak woman to have kind of attitude and value of kindness, humility and patience. 

* Bue is the word in Dayak Ngaju to call an old man or granpa.

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