Fire can warm. Fire can give light. Fire can be used to
cook food. Fire is very essential for human lives. Ah, I suddenly remember a cartoon which showed the
invention of fire for the first time by ancient Sponge Bob, Patrick and Squidward, that fought to burn a mushroom
in fire.Fire is also dangerous. It is hot and consuming. It knows no forgiveness, not stop before swallow all things and
leave it black. When I was five years old, our house was burned. At that time it was only my mom and I who stayed in the house. It was 3 a.m, fire was flaming up on buffet and quickly spread and burn all wooden house. Fortunately we could run and save ourselves. Since from that day I understood, how awful a flame of fire.
The fact is, at that 1997 year, I just saw fire ablaze burning my house. I did not see that at the same time fire also started ablaze in my province, my island, place where my people live. Until today, that fire has been ablazed for eighteen years.
The year of 2015 noted as the hottest year in history

According to BNPB, forest and land fire that happened in 2015 has caused the loss of 221 billions rupiahs. This number has passed the loss in 1997 where country has lost about 60 billions rupiah while the number of hectares burned area at that time was bigger. In 2015, Kalimantan also noted as the biggest carbon supplier in the world. Palangka raya was also recorded as most polluted city in the world.
Everytime I read the phrase ‘country’s loss’, my heart always be filled with question mark. Does the count of loss be done in 1997 and 2015 only? Reality which happens is that forest and land fire and surely also followed by haze have happened in Kalimantan for 18 years. I will not talk about research data or analysis based on internet. I talk about real facts which I saw by my own eyes and listened by my own ears. Forest that swallowed by the Red was real. Fruit trees that used to be food for villagers left as brown wood. Leaves that called ‘tampun’ by locals, taken to be made as handicraft, hat and basket for their living was lost. Animals were roasted alive, not including those that fleed from the ablaze flame toward street then crashed by vehicles that passed.
How to accumulate data of loss on human lives? People in Kalimantan have breathed in such poisonous air for eighteen years and strucked by loss from many sides. Education; where learning activities disturbed because schools were closed. Econmy; rubber trees that have been planted growth during 8 years were burned and died in a day. Bean vegetables were thin and dusty, cannot be eaten nor sold. Health, adults were hard to breathe and coughing all the time. Children got fever, flu, diarhea; cried every night because of lack of oxygen. Yellow-brown poisonous haze entered rooms in their houses so no where to hide. There might be a bit fortune for those who lived in cities and had enough money from monthly salary. Their income would not get disturbed. They could put air conditioner, buy maks and medicine, or if even could go to hospital to get oxygen supply. At least thet could do things that could not be done by villagers. And, we have not talked yet about those who lost family members because of lung failure, or baby who cried a lot then stop breathing.
The number of victims died during 2015 haze only showed what happene in the surface. Eighteen years are not short time. Amount of poison which can bring to death anytime has piled up in the bodies of people in Central Kalimantan.

Tell Your People To Stop Burning the Land
Jleeeb! My hearts just like stabbed by a sharp knife when I heard this sentence come out from the mouth of a man that I met somewhere outside Kalimantan. I am sure he has no experience wearing mask for almost 24 hours in a day!
Similar to Korea myth that said if nine-tailed fox in form of beautiful woman will eat the liver of men who fell for her; thus, the stigma that Dayak farmers are the main cause of forest and land fire is hard to break.
A foreign jurnalist asked me, who started the fire? To answer this question completely, we have to look back at the complex issue related to natural resources and agrarian conflicts in Central Kalimantan, and also the rights of indigenous people. Open the field by burning has been done by Dayak people since hundreds time ago, even far away before Indonesian country was formed. Please noted, as long that time there was no fire. Being a part of Indonesia did not make the goddes of fortune stepped her feet on the earth of Kalimantan. In 1997, when president Soeharto instructed to do one billion hectares peatland project in Central Kalimantan, and a mega canal was built, a very hot dryness occurred for six months, and fire started ablaze. Palm oil and mining companies that came after have made it worst. Peatland dryness still happen till today, where a cigarrette can burn over 5 hectares of forest.
Governor law Number 52 year 2008 mentioned that opening land for people by burning was permitted, with the limit only 5 hectares. How could farmers know that fire they put to do work their fields can burn a plenty hectares of forest? Or did they ever got any socialization that current peatland is not same like the peatland they knew a long time ago? Imagine this, you know nothing about these all. All you know is that field belongs to your family since your ancestors time, and you have to work it to plant rice for the living of your family. You burn as usual, and you do not know how to cope it when the fire does not want to stop even you have poured out a lot of water. Fire spread into area which is not part of your field. Then, immediately, police come to arrest you with accusition burning the forest.
What I told is not a myth. This is what truly happening in Kalimantan. An old man from neigbor village of mine did suicide by hanging himself on the tree after he was accussed doing burning forest and land, because of fire he made in his own field has spread into other areas and he was demanded to pay 15 millions.
WALHI KALTENG mentioned that 78% from 15.3 millions hectares total area in Central Kalimantan has been given to extractive industries. On September 10th 2015, Anti haze movement analyzed that there were 887 hotspots in Central Kalimantan. 195 of them spread in 59 areas of palm oil concesion.
Level of Air Pollution reached 10 times risk of death
Level of air pollution in Central Kalimantan is also a matter that not spotted. In 2015, when the sky was yellow-dark and thick haze, BMKG released the highest number of air pollution in palangka Raya for particulate micro ten has reached 3700. It was ten times from the limit of dangerous level, and equivalent to smoking 672 cigarrettes in a day. 

till today, where a cigarrette can burn over 5 hectares of forest.
Governor law Number 52 year 2008 mentioned that opening land for people by burning was permitted, with the limit only 5 hectares. How could farmers know that fire they put to do work their fields can burn a plenty hectares of forest? Or did they ever got any socialization that current peatland is not same like the peatland they knew a long time ago? Imagine this, you know nothing about these all. All you know is that field belongs to your family since your ancestors time, and you have to work it to plant rice for the living of your family. You burn as usual, and you do not know how to cope it when the fire does not want to stop even you have poured out a lot of water. Fire spread into area which is not part of your field. Then, immediately, police come to arrest you with accusition burning the forest.
What I told is not a myth. This is what truly happening in Kalimantan. An old man from neigbor village of mine did suicide by hanging himself on the tree after he was accussed doing burning forest and land, because of fire he made in his own field has spread into other areas and he was demanded to pay 15 millions.
WALHI KALTENG mentioned that 78% from 15.3 millions hectares total area in Central Kalimantan has been given to extractive industries. On September 10th 2015, Anti haze movement analyzed that there were 887 hotspots in Central Kalimantan. 195 of them spread in 59 areas of palm oil concesion.
Level of Air Pollution reached 10 times risk of death
Level of air pollution in Central Kalimantan is also a matter that not spotted. In 2015, when the sky was yellow-dark and thick haze, BMKG released the highest number of air pollution in palangka Raya for particulate micro ten has reached 3700. It was ten times from the limit of dangerous level, and equivalent to smoking 672 cigarrettes in a day.
Central Kalimantan had highest number of PSI level, but government attention focused on other provinces which had lower level, only hundreds. The exposure by national media was also limited before Channel News Asia Singapore came to Palangka raya and made the news of central Kalimantan becoming a big surprise to international world. Thousands soldiers were sent to Riau, oxygen houses were built, but in Central Kalimantan people were dying for two months before the help came
Now we are in 2016. There ic much explanation already, above. Now is the time to give questions. What will government do to prevent this tragedy happen again? How grass root communities will work? How deep international world will take the role? All is waiting to be answered. One thing should not be remembered; Kalimantan is the lung of the world. If the lung is broken, the world will come to its end.

Kalimantan is not a fireproof.